A Simple Definition of an Executive Agreement
An Executive Agreement is a type of agreement between the President of the United States and the head of a foreign government, or between their representatives. This type of agreement is often used to establish or reinforce a policy or to carry out a specific event.
Unlike a treaty, which must be approved by two-thirds of the Senate, an Executive Agreement can be made without the need for Senate approval. This is because the authority to negotiate Executive Agreements is delegated to the President under Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution, which grants him the power to „make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present concur.”
Executive Agreements can cover a wide range of topics, such as trade, defense, or environmental issues. They can be used to establish or reinforce policies, or to provide for specific actions. For example, an Executive Agreement might be used to establish a free trade agreement between the United States and another country, or to provide for the relocation of military forces from one country to another.
One of the benefits of using an Executive Agreement is that it allows for a quicker response to emerging issues. Instead of going through the lengthy process of negotiating a treaty, an Executive Agreement can be made quickly, allowing the United States to respond to an issue in a timely manner.
Another benefit is that an Executive Agreement can be used to bypass the need for Senate approval, which can often be a difficult process. However, this also means that Executive Agreements are less durable than treaties. Since they are not approved by the Senate, they can be easily undone by a new President or Congress.
In conclusion, an Executive Agreement is a type of agreement between the President of the United States and the head of a foreign government or their representatives. It is used to establish or reinforce policies or to provide for specific actions, and it can be made quickly without the need for Senate approval. While they are less durable than treaties, Executive Agreements can provide a quick and efficient way to respond to emerging issues.